Why do we get acne?

Most people believe acne is a skin condition that occurs only when you’re a teenager going through puberty. However, the condition can affect anyone at any age.

Health experts at home doctor service House Call Doctor say acne occurs when the hair follicles become inflamed and blocked with oil and dead skin cells, causing blackheads, whiteheads or pimples to appear on the skin.

Acne can spring up anywhere on the body, include the face, chest, forehead, shoulders and upper back.

While there are effective treatment options available, acne can be persistent and heals slowly. When you think one bump has disappeared, another may pop up.

Depending on how severe your acne is, it can cause scarring of the skin, discomfort, self-consciousness and anxiety.

Symptoms and causes of acne

The symptoms of acne include:

  • Blackheads (which are open blocked pores)
  • Whiteheads (which are closed blocked pores)
  • Small, tender, red bumps (also known as papules)
  • Pimples (also known as pustules)
  • Large, painful, solid bumps beneath the skin (nodules)
  • Pus-filled, painful bumps beneath the skin (cystic lesions)

Acne is usually caused by mixture of excess in the skin’s oil production, bacteria, clogged hair follicles and hormones.

Typically stress, poor diet, some medications and hormone imbalances can make acne worse.

In fact, studies show that skim milk, bread, chips, bagels and chocolate are all types of foods that can aggravate your acne.

Many people believe that greasy foods, bad hygiene and makeup are what causes acne on the skin. However, a link hasn’t been proven.

Treatment

A great way to manage acne is to use skin cleansers, which are specifically designed for acne-prone skin. Wash the affected areas twice each day. It’s important not to overdo it though, as it can cause other skin problems.

Squeezing or picking pimples can make them worse, prolong healing time and leave scars.

If you’re looking for professional treatment, seek a doctor, dermatologist or a pharmacist. They can prescribe antibiotics, hormonal agents and retinoids to improve and effectively treat acne, if required.